Information on lifestyle habits of individuals with COVID-19 worldwide: Review of literature

Autores

  • Luiz Carlos Francelino Silva Junior Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Gibson Santana Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Rodrigo Mesquita Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Tatiana Oliveira Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Gabriel Arnozo Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Aisla Santos Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Etvaldo Silva Filho Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Fernanda Santana Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Saulo Aquino Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Euclides Cunha Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Antônio Albuquerque Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência
  • Rafaela Alcântara Universidade Federal de Alagoas

Resumo

Background: COVID-19 is a respiratory disease that appeared in China in late 2019 and soon spread around the world, causing a pandemic.
Aims: This is study sought to systematize information about life habits in epidemiological studies in patients with COVID-19.
Methods: This is a systematic review conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA) recommendations. We selected articles published in PubMed, Medline and Scopus database between January 1 and April 24, 2020, using the descriptors COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, 2019-nCoV, n-CoV and coronavirus combined with clinical profile and epidemiology. In this study, we sought to identify characteristics about patients' lifestyle habits: smoking (current or previous), alcohol consumption and physical activity.
Results: We analyzed 7489 scientific studies, of which 158 had clinical and epidemiological variables, amounting 100.0563 patients. 30 studies included lifestyle habits (8,323 individuals) from five countries: Brazil, China, Korea, Spain and USA (593). A percentage of 56.5% (n = 4624) were men and 44.4% (n = 3687) women. Among the variables, smoking (current or previous) was present in 30 investigations; alcohol consumption in four and physical activity was not observed in any article. The highest smoking rates were observed in the USA (21.79%) and Spain (18.75%). Alcohol consumption was 7.73%. Being higher in Brazil (17.28%).
Conclusions: New studies on the epidemiological and clinical aspects of COVID-19 include variables about lifestyle, especially smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity. This information may offer future knowledge about the factors of illness and severity of COVID-19 in the population.
Keywords: Risk factors. Coronavirus infection. Systematic review.

Referências

- Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020Apr28];382(8):727–33. Available from: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2001017.

- World Health Organization. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report – 51. 2020 [cited 2020 Abr 03]. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200311-sitrep-51-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=1ba62e57_10.

- COVID-19 Map [Internet]. Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center. [cited 2020Apr28]. Available from: https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html.

- Zhou F, Yu T, Du R, Fan G, Liu Y, Liu Z, et al. Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet [Internet]. 2020Mar1 [cited 2020Apr28];395(10229):1054–62. Available from: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30566-3/fulltext.

- Tan W, Aboulhosn J. The cardiovascular burden of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with a focus on congenital heart disease. Int J Cardiol [Internet]. 2020Mar28 [cited 2020Apr28];309:70–7. Available from: https://www.internationaljournalofcardiology.com/article/S0167-5273(20)31593-X/fulltext.

- Simons D, Perska O, Brown J. Covid-19: The role of smoking cessation during respiratory virus epidemics [Internet]. BMJ Open. 2020 [cited 2020Apr28]. Available from: https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2020/03/20/covid-19-the-role-of-smoking-cessation-during-respiratory-virus-epidemics/.

- Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA. Statement. PLoS Med 2009 6(7): e1000097. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed1000097

- Borba MGS, Val FDA, Sampaio VS, Alexandre MAA, Melo GC, Brito M, et al. Chloroquine diphosphate in two different dosages as adjunctive therapy of hospitalized patients with severe respiratory syndrome in the context of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection: Preliminary safety results of a randomized, double-blinded, phase IIb clinical trial (CloroCovid-19 Study). Medrxiv [Internet]. 2020Apr16 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.04.07.20056424v2.full.pdf

- Ian ZP, Mei X, Zhang YY, Zou Y, Zhang ZG, Zhu H et al. Analysis of baseline liver biochemical parameters in 324 cases with novel coronavirus pneumonia in Shanghai area. Zhonghua gan Zang Bing za zhi= Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi= Chinese Journal of Hepatology 2020; 28, E005-E005. Avaliable from http://rs.yiigle.com/yufabiao/1188686.htm

- Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, Han Y, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet [Internet]. 2020 Jan 30 [cited 2020Apr28];395(10223):507–13. Available from: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30211-7/fulltext

- Yang X, Yu Y, Xu J, Shu H, Xia J, Liu H, Wu Y, Zhang L, Yu Z, Fang M, Yu T, Wang Y, Pan S, Zou X, Yuan S, Shang Y. Clinical course and outcomes of critically ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a single-centered, retrospective, observational study. Lancet [Internet]. 2020 Feb 24 [cited 2020 Apr 28. Available from: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanres/article/PIIS2213-2600(20)30079-5/fulltext

- Chen L, Liu HG, Liu W, Liu J, Liu K, Shang J, et al. Analysis of clinical features of 29 patients with 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2020 feb 06. Available from: http://rs.yiigle.com/yufabiao/1180104.htm

- Zhang J-J, Dong X, Cao Y-Y, Yuan Y-D, Yang Y-B, Yan Y-Q, et al. Clinical characteristics of 140 patients infected with SARS‐CoV‐2 in Wuhan, China. Allergy [Internet]. 2020Feb19 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/all.14238

- Li J, Li S, Cai Y, Liu Q, Li X, Zeng Z, et al. Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of 17 Hospitalized Patients with 2019 Novel Coronavirus Infections Outside Wuhan, China. Medrxiv [Internet]. 2020 Feb 12; Available from: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.02.11.20022053v1

- Song F, Shi N, Shan F, Zhang Z, Shen J, Lu H, et al. Emerging 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Pneumonia. Radiology [Internet]. 2020Feb6 [cited 2020Apr28];295(1):210–7. Available from: https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.2020200274?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed

- Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet [Internet]. 2020Jan24 [cited 2020Apr28];395(10223):497–506. Available from: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30183-5/fulltext

- Wang L, Duan Y, Zhang W, Liang J, Xu J, Zhang Y, et al. Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of 26 Cases of COVID-19 Arising from Patient-to-Patient Transmission in Liaocheng, China. J Clin Epidemiol [Internet]. 2020Apr9 [cited 2020Apr28];Volume 12:387–91. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154005/

- Zhang R, Ouyang H, Fu L, Wang S, Han J, Huang K, et al. CT features of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia according to clinical presentation: a retrospective analysis of 120 consecutive patients from Wuhan city. Eur Radiol 2020Apr11;:1–10.

- Zhou F, Yu T, Du R, Fan G, Liu Y, Liu Z, et al. Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet [Internet]. 2020Mar28 [cited 2020Apr28];395(10229):1054–62. Available from: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30566-3/fulltext

- Wang R, Pan M, Zhang X, Fan X, Han M, Zhao F, et al. Epidemiological and clinical features of 125 Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19 in Fuyang, Anhui, China. Int J Infect Dis [Internet]. 2020Apr11 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.ijidonline.com/article/S1201-9712(20)30203-4/fulltext

- Guo T, Fan Y, Chen M, Wu X, Zhang L, He T, et al. Cardiovascular Implications of Fatal Outcomes of Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). JAMA Cardiol [Internet]. 2020Mar27 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamacardiology/fullarticle/2763845

- Ji D, Qin E, Xu J, Zhang D, Cheng G, Wang Y, et al. Non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases in patients with COVID-19: A retrospective study. J Hepatol [Internet]. 2020Apr8 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.journal-of-hepatology.eu/article/S0168-8278(20)30206-3/fulltext

- Liu K, Chen Y, Lin R, Han K. Clinical features of COVID-19 in elderly patients: A comparison with young and middle-aged patients. J Infect [Internet]. 2020Mar11 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.journalofinfection.com/article/S0163-4453(20)30116-X/fulltext

- Shi Y, Yu X, Zhao H, Wang H, Zhao R, Sheng J. Host susceptibility to severe COVID-19 and establishment of a host risk score: findings of 487 cases outside Wuhan. Crit Care [Internet]. 2020Mar18 [cited 2020Apr28];24(1). Available from: https://ccforum.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13054-020-2833-7

- Li X, Xu S, Yu M, Wang K, Tao Y, Zhou Y, et al. Risk factors for severity and mortality in adult COVID-19 inpatients in Wuhan. J Allergy Clin Immunol [Internet]. 2020Apr12 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.jacionline.org/article/S0091-6749(20)30495-4/pdf

- Jin X, Lian J-S, Hu J-H, Gao J, Zheng L, Zhang Y-M, et al. Epidemiological, clinical and virological characteristics of 74 cases of coronavirus-infected disease 2019 (COVID-19) with gastrointestinal symptoms. Gut [Internet]. 2020Mar24 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://gut.bmj.com/content/early/2020/03/24/gutjnl-2020-320926.long

- Feng Y, Ling Y, Bai T, Xie Y, Huang J, Li J, et al. COVID-19 with Different Severity: A Multi-center Study of Clinical Features. Am J Respir Crit Care Med [Internet]. 2020Apr10 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1164/rccm.202002-0445OC

- Lian J, Jin X, Hao S, Cai H, Zhang S, Zheng L, et al. Analysis of Epidemiological and Clinical Features in Older Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outside Wuhan. Clin Infect Dis [Internet]. 2020Mar25; Available from: https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa242/5811557

- Liang W-H, Guan W-J, Li C-C, Li Y-M, Liang H-R, Zhao Y, et al. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of hospitalised patients with COVID-19 treated in Hubei (epicenter) and outside Hubei (non-epicenter): A Nationwide Analysis of China. Eur Respir J [Internet]. 2020Apr8 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/early/2020/04/01/13993003.00562-2020

- Guan W-J, Ni Z-Y, Hu Y, Liang W-H, Ou C-Q, He J-X, et al. Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med [Internet]. 2020Feb28 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2002032

- Chen T et al. Clinical characteristics of 113 deceased patients with coronavirus disease 2019: retrospective study. BMJ. [Internet]. 2020;368:m1091. Avaliable from: https://www.bmj.com/content/368/bmj.m1091. doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1091

- Kim ES, Chin BS, Kang CK, Kim NJ, Kang YM, Choi J-P, et al. Clinical Course and Outcomes of Patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection: a Preliminary Report of the First 28 Patients from the Korean Cohort Study on COVID-19. J Korean Med Sci [Internet]. 2020Apr6 [cited 2020Apr28];35(13). Available from: https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e142

- Barrasa H, Rello J, Tejada S, Martín A, Balziskueta G, Vinuesa C, et al. SARS-Cov-2 in Spanish Intensive Care: Early Experience with 15-day Survival In Vitoria. Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med [Internet]. 2020Apr9 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352556820300643?via=ihub

- Moein ST, Hashemian SM, Mansourafshar BL, Khorram‐Tousi Aundefined, Tabarsi Pundefined, Doty Rundefined. Smell dysfunction: a biomarker for COVID‐19. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology [Internet]. 2020Apr17 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/alr.22587

- Cholankeril G, Podboy A, Aivaliotis VI, Tarlow B, Pham EA, Spencer S, et al. High Prevalence of Concurrent Gastrointestinal Manifestations in Patients with SARS-CoV-2: Early Experience from California. Gastroenterology [Internet]. 2020Apr10 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085(20)30471-6/pdf?referrer=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

- Bhatraju PK, Ghassemieh BJ, Nichols M, Kim R, Jerome KR, Nalla AK, et al. Covid-19 in Critically Ill Patients in the Seattle Region — Case Series. New England Journal of Medicine [Internet]. 2020Mar30 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2004500

- Goyal P, Choi JJ, Pinheiro LC, Schenck EJ, Chen R, Jabri A, et al. Clinical Characteristics of Covid-19 in New York City. New England Journal of Medicine [Internet]. 2020Apr17 [cited 2020Apr28]; Available from: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc2010419

- Zhou P, Yang X-L, Wang X-G, Hu B, Zhang L, Zhang W, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature [Internet]. 2020Feb3 [cited 2020Apr28];579(7798):270–3. Available from: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2012-7.

- Hamm JT, Yee S, Rajendran N, Morrissey RL, Richter SJ, Misra M. Histological Alterations in Male A/J Mice Following Nose-Only Exposure to Tobacco Smoke. Inhal. Toxicol [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2020Apr28];19(5):405–18. Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08958370601174875.

- özlu T, çelik I, öztuna F, Bülbül Y, özsu şavas. Streptococcus pneumoniae Adherence in Rats under Different Degrees and Durations of Cigarette Smoke. Respiration [Internet]. 2008Mar [cited 2020Apr28];75(3):339–44. Available from: https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/112472

- Stubbs B, Veronese N, Vancampfort D, Prina AM, Lin P-Y, Tseng P-T, et al. Perceived stress and smoking across 41 countries: A global perspective across Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas. Sci Rep (Nat Publ Group). 2017Aug8;7(1). Available from: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-07579

- Iglesias RM. Increasing excise taxes in the presence of an illegal cigarette market: the 2011 Brazil tobacco tax reform. Rev Panam Salud Publica 2016; 40(4):243-249. Available from: https://www.scielosp.org/pdf/rpsp/2016.v40n4/243-249

- Gan Q, Hammond SK, Jiang Y, Yang Y, Hu T-W. Effectiveness of a Smoke-Free Policy in Lowering Secondhand Smoke Concentrations in Offices in China. J Occup Environ Med [Internet]. 2008May;50(5):570–5. Available from: https://journals.lww.com/joem/Abstract/2008/05000/Effectiveness_of_a_Smoke_Free_Policy_in_Lowering.7.aspx?trendmd-shared=0

- Cullen KA, Ambrose BK, Gentzke AS, Apelberg BJ, Jamal A, King BA. Notes from the Field: Use of Electronic Cigarettes and Any Tobacco Product Among Middle and High School Students — United States, 2011–2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep [Internet]. 2018Nov16 [cited 2020Apr28];67(45):1276–7. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a5.htm?s_cid=mm6745a5_w

- Portes LH, Machado CV, Turci SRB, Figueiredo VC, Cavalcante TM, Vera Luiza Da Costa E Silva. A Política de Controle do Tabaco no Brasil: um balanço de 30 anos. Cien Saude Colet [Internet]. 2018Jun6 [cited 2020Apr28];23(6):1837–48. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-81232018000601837&lng=en

- Hämäläinen MD, Zetterström A, Winkvist M, Söderquist M, Öhagen P, Andersson K, et al. Breathalyser-Based eHealth Data Suggest That Self-Reporting of Abstinence Is a Poor Outcome Measure for Alcohol Use Disorder Clinical Trials. Alcohol Clin Exp res. [Internet]. 2020Apr3 [cited 2020Apr28];55(3):237–45. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/alcalc/article-abstract/55/3/237/5770901?redirectedFrom=fulltext

- Fernández MS, Bellia F, Ferreyra A, Chiner F, García AMJ, D’Addario C, et al. Short-term selection for high and low ethanol intake during adolescence exerts lingering effects in stress-induced ethanol drinking and yields an anxiety-prone phenotype. Behav Brain Res [Internet]. 2020Feb17 [cited 2020Apr28];380:112445. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166432819316900?via=ihub

Publicado

18/06/2021

Como Citar

Silva Junior, L. C. F., Santana, G., Mesquita, R., Oliveira, T., Arnozo, G., Santos, A., Silva Filho, E., Santana, F., Aquino, S., Cunha, E., Albuquerque, A., & Alcântara, R. (2021). Information on lifestyle habits of individuals with COVID-19 worldwide: Review of literature. Revista Portal: Saúde E Sociedade, 6, e02106005. Recuperado de https://www.seer.ufal.br/index.php/nuspfamed/article/view/12393

Edição

Seção

ARTIGO DE REVISÃO

Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)