FUNDAMENTOS TEÓRICOS DE MODELAGEM EM SISTEMAS COMPLEXOS

Mariana Tiné, Liliana Perez, Roberto Molowny-Horas

Resumo


A geografia tem por definição o estudo do conjunto da Terra, que é por sua natureza extremamente complexo e depende de um número inesgótavel de elementos e relações entre os sistemas que o compõem. A complexidade do mundo atrai cada vez mais a comunidade científica com o inuito de melhor entender e representar as inúmeras interações que ocorrem na superfície, sobretudo no campo da geografia. A partir da teoria da complexidade várias foram as técnicas de modelagem computacional desenvolvidas a fim de simular o mundo real e antecipar possíveis eventos, como por exemplo a expansão urbana de uma determinada cidade, o desmatamento de uma área devido ao avanço da agricultura, e até mesmo padrões de imigração de uma população. É consenso que a modelagem será cada vez mais utilizada no planejamento territorial e ambiental, e este artigo traz uma breve explanação de alguns dos métodos mais comuns utlizados para estes fins.


Palavras-chave


Sistemas Complexos; Modelagem; Autômatos Celulares; Modelos Baseados no Agente; Modelos Híbridos

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.28998/contegeo.v4i7.8363

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Direitos autorais 2019 Mariana Tiné

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE ALAGOAS - Ufal
Instituto de Geografia, Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente - IGDema
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia - PPGG
Av. Lourival Melo Mota, s/n, Tabuleiro do Martins. Maceió - AL
CEP 57072-900. Telefone: (82) 3214-1443
contexto.geografico@gmail.com

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